Friday, March 27, 2020

I have a dream free essay sample

What indicates that Kings words were meant primarily for an audience of listeners, and only secondarily for a reading audience? To hear these indications, try reading the speech aloud. What uses of parallelism do you notice? This essay has analyzed Dr. Kings I have a Dream speech for voice and rhetoric, through the analysis of his argument, how he supports that argument, the voice he uses in the speech and the audience at whom the speech is directed. It is obvious why over 200,000 people gathered peacefully in Washington D. C. to listen to Dr.  King deliver his speech. When we let freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of Gods children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands in the words of the old Negro spiritual, Free at last! thank God almighty, we are free at last! This entire last paragraph of Kings speech is an example of parallelism. We will write a custom essay sample on I have a dream or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This shows that all of these different races and religions are no better than the other. Where in the speech does King acknowledge that not all of his listeners are African American? â€Å"It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. †Here, in this sentence after announcing the theme, Dr. King continues to broaden the appeal of the speech to include all people, not only the blacks in the audience. With this single sentence he tells the rest of America that he and his followers believe in the same things as they do, and that there is no reason to fear. 3. How much emphasis does King place on the past? How much does he place on the future? On the past, there are 3 point he placed. Namely phrases from the Declaration of Independence, patriotic and religious documents and he also drew from the Bible in the Dream speech, focusing particularly on the tales that mirrored the political climate of the 1960s. 100 years after Lincoln stood before him, and that his message was to let freedom ring. He also want:That all men are created equal, we will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of character. The ethical appeal of Kings argument. Where in the speech, for instance, does he present himself as reasonable despite his passion? To what extant does his personal authority lend power to his words? His use of pathos is incredible as he strikes emotional values of both black and white people. His use of the bible causes an emotional response, ‘â€Å"And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together. † He is using the bible to provide a belief and faith in what he is saying is truth, and that all people will stand together. His use of metaphors throughout his speech is keeps his audience engaged in his fight for freedom, he states â€Å"And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. † (King) He uses the American dream to appeal to all Americans. He is saying that his dream is part of the American dream that we all deserve to have the freedom to dream. He also uses the appeal that he is a father and that he wants more for his children. â€Å"I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but the content of their character. † (King) This is allowing the listener to relate to him as a father and the aspirations we hold for our children. It provides a human appeal and uses pathos. He also uses logos in his analogies. When he states, â€Å"America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked ‘insufficient funds. ’† (King) His analogy is using logic as a form of reasoning. He reasons is that everyone understands money and that the listener is able to relate to being handed a bad check. 5. MIXED METHODS The description in paragraphs 2 and 4 depends on metaphor , a figure of speech in which one thing is said to be another thing. How do the metaphors in theses paragraphs work for Kings purpose? The second paragraph of the speech starts with â€Å"Five score years ago†, an allusion to Abraham Lincolns Gettysburg address. This is particularly poignant due to the fact that the speech was given on the steps of his memorial. A memorial to the president who passed the emancipation proclamation. Martin Luther King Jr. continues with comparing this (the emancipation proclamation) â€Å"momentous decree† to a â€Å"great beacon light† to those who had â€Å"been seared in the flames of withering injustice† in an example of a simile and then a metaphor. The metaphor is expanded to call the proclamation â€Å"a joyous daybreak† to a â€Å"long night. † The metaphors help prove Kings point through contrasting two abstract concepts through tangible things. The last sentence of the second paragraph is the first of many references to the bible. In comparing Psalms â€Å"For his anger is but for a moment; his favor is for a lifetime. Weeping may linger for the night, but joy comes with the morning† to Kings line â€Å" It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity† the parallels can be seen. The use of biblical references helps link the work of MLK to the bible and divine things. Southerners being in the â€Å"bible belt† and dominantly Christian, this reference to the bible strikes home to these slaveholders. I Have a Dream free essay sample This speech took place in Washington, D. C in the shadow of the Lincoln Memorial where hundreds of thousands of black and white Americans gathered to hear MLK make history. In his speech, MLK frequently called for an immediate end to segregation, and spoke of the injustices that blacks have faced in their fight for equality. This speech had a profound effect on the Civil Rights Movement, because only a short time after this speech was delivered, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 were passed, proving the true significance of this speech. MLK’s speeches and peaceful demonstrations incited change in the hearts and minds of Americans nationwide. He took an enormous risk in delivering this speech, knowing that many white folks, as well as the US government would surely want his head for delivering a speech such as this one. However, he stood tall and brave, and inspired an entire nation to change. We will write a custom essay sample on I Have a Dream or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Therefore, through MLK’s masterful use of allusion, metaphors, ethos, pathos, and rhetorical questions, he was able to prove to all Americans that racism and segregation are not the intended foundations of America. As MLK delivered his speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial he alluded to Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address, saying, â€Å"Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. † MLK’s reference to Lincoln established authority into his speech. Lincoln was a very powerful who played a critical role in shaping America in his time as President. He empowered the American people throughout the civil war, gained the trust of America and established a new sense of freedom that would live on until today. MLK is invoking the authority of Lincoln to strengthen his own view on civil rights. Therefore, this quote provides a strong appeal to ethos, and establishes credibility with his audience. MLK also alludes to the Declaration of Independence to bring authority to his cause for racial equality as he quotes, ‘â€Å"unalienable Rights† of â€Å"Life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness. † The utilization of this quote is for the purpose of showing that MLK has a supreme authority on his side. He is stating that the American government has not lived up to this promise to all American citizens, and has neglected to safeguard its authority. By doing so, he establishes his credibility, by referring to the authority of a great American, and our own Constitution. Metaphors, another useful rhetorical device, are essential to help audiences fully understand an idea. It compares an idea with something the audience is familiar with, which brings about feelings such as ethos and pathos. MLK used metaphors to further address his point to the audience in a clear, create, and concise manor. He uses a plethora of fairly complicated metaphors in his speech, claiming that by â€Å"the Constitution and Declaration of Independence,† the forefathers of America were â€Å"signing a promissory note† that all men, regardless of the color of their skin, were to be granted equal rights. MLK then goes on to say on behalf of the blacks, the US government has given them a â€Å"bad check,† a bad check that does not promise them the same rights that have been given to the white population. Later on, MLK says that many equal rights activists and the passive, quiet ones too tired to fight, have been â€Å"battered by the storms of persecution† and the â€Å"winds of police brutality. † Through this metaphor, MLK displays the supporters of the Jim Crow laws, laws that destroyed the lives of many southern African-Americans, in a negative way. Both of these metaphors are related to ethos, because the first metaphor relates to the human ethic of keeping promises between one another. Meanwhile, the second metaphor speaks of torture, something that evokes pathos in the reader, who can feel the pain of African-Americans in their fight for freedom. Finally, MLK utilizes a variety of metaphors when affirming that with faith, it is possible to alter the â€Å"jangling discords† of the segregated US, and transform it into a â€Å"beautiful symphony of brotherhood. † This metaphor, on the other hand, is related to alliteration, as the audience immediately feels good because the euphony created by this word choice. These metaphors used by MLK are aimed to make the audience, as well as the world, recognize that continued racial injustice would lead to complete chaos in the future, while racial equality will lead to a beautiful society for centuries to come. Therefore, MLK convinced the world that by giving blacks equal rights, the entire nation as a whole would greatly benefit. MLK utilized a series of rhetorical questions, as well as ethos and pathos, to enhance the meaning of his speech. He used the rhetorical question, â€Å"When will you be satisfied? † in order to stir up the feelings of black folks in attendance. When in the middle section of his speech, MLK says that whites ask black activists when blacks will be satisfied with their position in society. He then answers this question by stating that blacks will not be satisfied as long as long as social equality is not achieved. MLK then conjures up the feelings of blacks in the crowd with his rhetorical question, by including the various examples of racial injustices towards black citizens when he answers himself. This is intended to display pathos, as it is very effective in bringing upon the anger and frustration felt by the large majority of black citizens in the crowd. Therefore, the rhetorical question is useful to MLK, as it excites African-American’s feelings towards racism. In turn, this inspires them to do everything possible to end the injustices they have been endured for the past centuries. Through MLK’s masterful use of allusion, metaphors, ethos, pathos, and rhetorical questions, he was able to prove to all Americans that racism and segregation are not the intended foundations of America. MLK’s most famous speech was the â€Å"I Have a Dream† speech given in 1963 during one of the most famous marches in history, the 200,000-strong â€Å"March on Washington For Jobs and Freedom. † At the time, America was in the grips of racism and segregation, making the lives of many blacks a living hell. â€Å"I Have a Dream,† however, played a major step into changing that. It managed to inspire a generation of blacks to never give up and made thousands of white Americans bitterly ashamed of their actions, forging a new start for society. Even now, it continues to make generations of people, not just Americans, give up their racist beliefs and advocate for social equality. Without MLK, America would be most likely heavily segregated today. Other than the speech’s heartwarming and moving content, King’s effective use of allusion, metaphors, ethos, pathos, and rhetorical questions clearly reveal the reason why â€Å"I Have a Dream† is a masterpiece of rhetoric. His excellent ability to blend his stirring rhetoric, with exquisite use of literary devices persuaded hundreds of thousands of people to support the blacks instead of treating them unfairly, and is why this speech changed the course of American history for centuries to come.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Selden Colvins M A

Selden Colvins M A Many people have a divided opinion when it comes to mergers and acquisitions. It is common knowledge that the most appropriate way to save a business that is on its way to collapsing is to allow acquisition or enter into a merger with a stable one.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Selden Colvin’s M A specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Acquisition may end up being a destruction of wealth if the acquired business does not succeed as expected. Investors should be extremely careful when entering into deals so that they do not end up suffering huge loses. The damage caused by stupid acquisitions and mergers can be so severe that some investors end up losing trillions of dollars. Despite the many challenges associated with acquisitions and mergers, the two practices are here to stay. The activities associated with mergers and acquisitions have slowed down in recent times but some investors are always keen on entering into mergers and acquisition of struggling businesses. The irony of the situation is that the most successful companies are the ones that experience failure when it comes to mergers and acquisitions. There are certain factors that investors should consider before acquiring any particular business. Companies should be very careful when making certain investments so that shareholders are not hurt in the process. The first thing that companies should look out for before acquiring a business is the balance sheet to ensure that the wealth of shareholders is protected. The balance sheet reflects the actual capital of a business. The income statements are very reliable when it comes to determining the viability of an acquisition.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The amount of profits and sales displayed on the income statement can give a false impression about the actual state of a business. Managers should also ensure that their company cuts its costs after acquisition. Mergers are very advantageous because the merged company can be able to negotiate for larger discounts because the quantity of its supplies becomes large. The acquirers might get excited with a promising deal and in the process end up not reaching the expected target when it comes to savings. There are some new costs that come up after the integration of two companies. Merging systems that are not compatible comes with a lot of new costs. Managers with the responsibility of facilitating acquisitions and mergers have limited time to carefully analyze the processes and come up with substantial cost cuts. These kinds of complications may slow down the growth of a merged company during the initial stages. The reason why it is difficult to cut costs in a merger is that most of the anticipated savings are normally factored in the selling price. Careful negotiators ensure that the value of savings is shared between the two parties. Acquirers always aim at improving their revenues through the creation of numerous opportunities that can give them value for their investment. Customer profitability is another aspect that acquirers should pay attention to before striking any deal. Customer profitability should be measured in the shortest time possible to determine whether the acquirer goes on with the deal or not. There are four major steps that are normally used to measure customer profitability. The first step is to determine the profitability of all the services and products. All the possible costs should be determined for an acquirer to come up with net profitability of a particular business.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Selden Colvin’s M A specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The second step is to determine all the market segments and customer preferences. Customer profitability is normally c alculated in the third step by deducting all the customer related costs from customer profitability. The fourth and final step involves accounting for all the unassigned costs such as the overhead costs. The main reason why acquisitions are done is to actually gain customers. Although there are reasons that might motivate a company to buy another company, everything finally goes back to customers. The acquirer aims at maintaining the existing customers and at the same time use the acquired capabilities to attract new ones. It is important for company executives to understand that the level of profitability of acquired customers is not necessarily the same. Companies can decide to shut down those customers who are not very profitable and use the resources to provide better services to the most profitable customers. This kind of move can turn around the fortunes of an acquired business. Some of the ways that companies use to discourage less profitable customers include changing custom er service and marketing strategies. In another scenario, companies can decide to come up with new strategies that might change their unprofitable customers into profitable ones. An acquirer who is creative enough has the ability to increase the share-owner value through turning the company disasters into profits. It is important for an acquirer to get the real facts about the company to be acquired for them to be aware of what they are going to get from the deal. It is therefore advisable to be very wise when it comes to mergers and acquisitions. Company executives should understand that mergers and acquisitions are not the only ways through which a company can grow. Acquirers should only enter into deals that create economic value.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

StrategicHuman Resource Assessment 2 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

StrategicHuman Resource Assessment 2 - Essay Example It is in this context that attracting the appropriate talent pool is often observed as a major challenge in the consumer goods industry, majorly due to the requirement of vast workforce and the persisting divergences in the targeted labor market. Correspondingly, organizations implementing SHRM policies and strategies realized the importance and need of flexibility with respect to change, anticipation, innovation and adaptation. In the consumer goods industry, SHRM strategies and policies differ from organization to organization in accordance to the external factors influencing the business such as the political environment, economic hazards, community culture and the socio-environmental structure of the market. Additionally, the organizational structure, its internal culture along with the SHRM policies applied within the company also imposes significant influence on its attractiveness as an ‘employer of choice’ (Boxall, Purcell & Wright, 2007). ... which the organizations must coordinate and recognize the most potential challenges that the organizations shall have to witness in growing as an attractive employer in the selected market. Furthermore, in order to obtain a critical view regarding the issue, this study will also take into account the example of a world renowned consumer goods brand, i.e. Procter & Gamble Australia & New Zealand (P&G). Elements of HR strategies that must be coordinated by consumer goods companies and the consequent challenges The need to bring about transformational modification in Australian job market is continuing to be determined by an economic plan that aims at improving the productivity as well as the flexibility within its labor force. This plan helps the organization to sustain in the middle of international competitiveness as an attractive employer. The rules and regulations of the Australian job market in accordance to the industrial relations have also expressively affected the HR strategie s being employed in various industries including the consumer goods industry as such elements attempts to bring about vital changes in the framework of employment relationship (Johnson, 2009). As stated by Pettigrew (1985), a planned procedure provides an organization an agenda through which it selects a sequence of action or optimal strategy to accelerate enhancement in accordance to its objective of competitive advantage as an ‘employer of choice’. Therefore, organizational vision and strategic aims can also be regarded as an influencing factor to create an affect over its development as an attractive employer. Based on this context, Glueck (1980) stated that strategy is a combined, inclusive and cohesive plan which is designed to confirm the achievement of the basic objectives of the

Tuesday, February 4, 2020

Production Analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Production Analysis - Essay Example In this span of time, considerations were made to generate eco-efficient inventions that led to introduction of the cotton gin. Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793, an invention that led to a lot of changes and influences concerning cotton production and agriculture in its entirety (Textile Technology Digest 75). This invention was the indubitable mother of inventions. Whitney had just been hired as a tutor in a plantation in Georgia. He witnessed and heard complains of workers who cried for heavy workload. Given Whitney’s interest in solving mechanical problems and as had been advised by Littlefield Greene, Whitney developed a brush like machine that was able to separate cotton from the seed (Textile Technology Digest 201). However, the Whitney’s machine was a crudely crafted box fitted with a cylinder, a row of saw-like teeth, and a crank. It cylindrical design allowed the raw cotton to be fed to the teeth like wire through the cylinder. The cylinder spurned around as the wire teeth passed the cotton via small-sized slits on a bar of wood. This process discarded the unwanted seeds as the cotton fibers pulled off. Whitney’s cotton gin was a stark and crude as the machine, but it increased the processing rates of cotton (Zanden 126). The efficiency of the invention was significant in that the cotton was inserted into the gin through a 16 inches manually controlled diameter pipe that moved around the cotton. Within the gin, there were roller spikes that helped in breaking the cotton modules into different parts. The loose cotton then went into the original starting point just like the trailer cotton. As the cotton moved, it carries a lot of moister that was removed by passing it through a dryer. The large clumps of cotton disintegrated into finer materials through the rotating spiked cylinders. Additionally, the gin was fitted with sieves that remove foreign materials such as leaves and

Monday, January 27, 2020

Kangxi And Louis XIV | Comparison

Kangxi And Louis XIV | Comparison Absolute monarchy or absolutism means that the sovereign power or ultimate authority in the state rested in the hands of a king who claimed to rule by divine right. Kangxi and Louis XIV were both shining examples for absolutist rule. Age of Absolutism was between 1610 and 1789. Absolutism is a term used to depict a type of monarchical power that was not at all restrained by institutions, for example, legislatures, social elites, or churches. Both Kangxi and Louis X1V were absolute monarchs associated with the coming to power of professional bureaucracies, professional standing armies, and the coding of state laws. They possessed ideologies that justify the absolutist monarchy. As absolute monarchs they spent significant sums on flamboyant homes for themselves as well as their nobles. It is mandatory in an absolutist state, by the monarchs for nobles to live in the royal palace, although in their absence, state officials ruled the nobles lands. This would effectively decrease the power of the nobility, thus causing nobles to become dependent upon the generosity of the monarch for their source of income. Emperor Kangxi became known as one of Chinas greatest emperors. He suppressed the Revolt of the Three Feudatories, forced the Kingdom of Tungning in Taiwan to submit to Qing rule, blocked Tzarist on Russia on the Amur River and extended the empire to the northwest. The compilation of the Kangxi Dictionary was just one primary example of the emperors many accomplishments pertaining to the subject of literature. During Kangxis reign his country experienced long-term stability and relative wealth after having suffered many years of turmoil and war. He was responsible for the initiation of the Prosperous Era of Kangxi and Qianlong era, which prolonged for generations after his own. As his reign ceased, the Qing Empire had full control over the entire Chinese region, Manchuria, as well as part of the Far East region of Russia and many other regions. Emperor Kangxi, whose father Emperor Shunzhi was the first Qing emperor to rule over China proper, was the fourth emperor of the Qing Dynasty. As he reached age 8 years old on February 17, 1661, Kangxi succeeded imperial throne; twelve days after his fathers death. His rule consisted of at least 61 years from 1661 to 1722, making him the longest reigning emperor in Chinese history. When Kangxi was eight, he ascended the throne. As a child, Kangxi was very talented in literature and he worked diligently. Since he was too young, his father hired four ministers to assist him with the administration of the country. Ao Bai was the name of one of them who furtively assigned his own henchmen to oppose the young emperor. As Kangxi became of age to rule the nation, he ingeniously voided Ao Bais plot. In 1643 Louis XIV became king at age four upon the loss of his father Louis XIII. Louis XIV, also recognized as the Sun King, was among the greatest of significant monarchs in history. He reigned for 72 years, from 1643 until his death in 1715. This made his time as King the longest known reign of any European monarch. He is responsible for taking France from savage medieval to one of the most appealing cultures in the world. He claimed total control of the French Government for 54 years out of the 72 years that he reigned for. The 17th century was labeled as the age of Louis XIV, due to his supreme reign of absolutism in government. Louis began independently governing France as of 1661 after his prime minister, the Italian Cardinal Mazarin passed away. As an advocate of the theory of the divine right of kings, Louis continued his predecessors work of creating a Centralized Government, governed from within the capital. He sought the elimination of the remnants of Feudalist parts of France. Under his rule, France represented the mainstay of European power, involved in three major wars: the Franco Dutch War, the Nine Years War, the League of Augsburg War, and the War of the Spanish Succession. A highly skilled politician and statesman Louis X1V supported and profited from the work of major political, military and cultural figures such as Mazarin, Colbert, Turenneaud, Vauban, Moliere, Racine, Boileau, La Fontain, Lully and Le Notre to name just a few. Days before his seventy-seventh birthday after death, Louis was succeeded by his great-grandson who became Louis XV at age 5. Both Kangxi and Louis XIV were shining examples for absolutist rule, and they both were effective absolutist who did a great job governing their kingdom. However, in my opinion Kangxi was the more effective Absolutist of the two. Whereas Louis XIV relied heavily on collaborating with other great men in order to achieve effectiveness, Kangxi relied on utilizing his supreme intellect and succeeded exerting his own true absolute power which was his intelligence.

Sunday, January 19, 2020

The Mother and the Father Figures in Frank McCourt’s Angela’s Ashes

Angela’s Ashes is the bleak, humorous and very compelling memoir of the author’s childhood in Limerick, Ireland, during the Great Depression. The book is, at the same time, a historical account, a work of fiction and an autobiography. First and foremost however, Angela’s Ashes is a personal narrative that evokes the struggles of an individual growing up in adverse and dire conditions. The narrative focuses directly on the author’s childhood and adolescence, a time when the individual is much more prone to vulnerability and powerlessness. The story is so appealing to the reader precisely because it is filtered through the eyes of a child who is directly exposed to the abuse of social, economical and political forces that surpass his comprehension. Thus, the narrative functions as a deconstruction of the innocent and paradisiacal childhood. The child experiences the most abject forms of physical misery, hunger and illness as well as the permanent feeling of guilt and depression of being a burden to his own mother. The mother-son relationship described in the book is one of the most effective threads of the narrative, as it represents the way in which â€Å"amor matris† can be modified and received differently under the strain of very hard social circumstances. The most obvious form of abuse for the helpless child hero is the social and political context he is entrapped in. In 1935, Frank’s family flees Brooklyn because of the general poverty and deterioration that had spread in the United States during the Great Depression. After this inverse emigration to their homeland however, the family discovers an even grimmer and more disheartening poverty. In this context, the figure of a careless and drunken father and that of a defeated and abject mother are very potent realities for the child. Both of the parents are extremely powerful influences for the child and both of them function as ambivalent figures. Malachy, the father, who is supposed to offer support and stability to the poverty stricken family, is unreliable because of his inability to hold any job and because of his alcohol addiction. The fact that he completely deserts the family after leaving for England to find work is an addition to the negative influence he exerts. Frank and his brothers have to suffer because the father fails to offer them even minimal protection from the dire social realities of the day. At the same time however, he is also the one who tells his children the first folktales of Irish heroes, procuring them a slight comfort amidst the dire conditions of life and feeding their imagination and their hopes. The mother figure is also ambivalent. Frank both loves her and loathes her at the same time. He is moved by her devotion to her children and by her motherly love but he is also repulsed at times when he sees the contemptible and humiliating condition she brings herself to in order to save her family from starvation. Frank encounters his mother accidentally when she is begging in the streets to get the remains of the priests’ dinner and is shocked by her condition. Later on, when the family has to find shelter with a cousin named Laman Griffin, the child is again appalled when he discovers the sexual nature of the relationship that his mother has with Laman. These absurd and horrendous compromises that the mother has to make in order to be able to sustain her family inspire Frank with a permanent feeling of guilt at being he himself one of the objects of her sacrifice. The mother-son relationship is therefore marked by this need of an exaggerated proof of devotion and motherly love on the part of the mother. Angela is therefore a perfect instance of a mother’s powerful love for her children, and Frank McCourt points this out in his narrative in various ways. Given the circumstances of the family however, their relationship is more complex than that. The child is discomfited by the guilt of feeling as a burden to his mother, instead of being comforted by the warmth of a mother’s protective care. In the context of his tragic childhood, Frank feels even more poignantly the influence of his parents’ failures and qualities, at the same time.

Friday, January 10, 2020

An Analysis of Othello by William Shakespeare Essay

In the play â€Å"Othello† by William Shakespeare Iago plays the master manipulator and manages to deceive many of the other characters especially Othello and Cassio. It can be said that his motives are based solely on his insecurities due to the fact his goal in the play was to ruin Othello’s life. He does this by using psychological manipulation on Othello’s thoughts and makes him believe that Cassio and Desdemona are fond of each other. Which basically means that he targets anyone that brings out his insecurities, which gives him a reason to lash out and kill or harm these people, to make himself feel better. In the beginning of the play Iago makes it seem as if his hatred towards Othello is because he has made Cassio his lieutenant. As the play goes on you later realize that Iago’s hatred extends even more. â€Å"I hate the Moor, and it is thought abroad that ‘twixt my sheets, he has done my office: I know not if’t be true, but I, for mere suspicion in that kind, will do as if for surety.†. There seems to be some rumors about Othello and Iago’s wife Emilia, the rumors are that Othello and Emilia have slept together. In the quote above he states that he doesn’t care if the rumors are true and that he is going to proceed with his plan as if they are true. Throughout the play Iago constantly reminds himself of why he’s targeting Othello. â€Å"I do suspect the lusty Moor, Hath leap’d into my seat: the thought whereof, Doth, like a poisonous mineral, gnaw my inwards; And nothing can or shall content my soul, till I am even’d with him, wife for wife.† His hatred towards Cassio is more directed. Iago hates Cassio because he has gotten the position of lieutenant even with his lack of experience in the field as he is a more tactical creating strategies person. â€Å"More than a spinster, unless the bookish theoric†. Iago basically states that Cassio’s lack of manliness add to his hatred towards him. Each person in the play get manipulated in a way that only suits them. For example Roderigo is â€Å"blinded by his love for Desdemona, and is prepared to do anything to win her heat† this give Iago the advantage to take his weakness and use it against him. As innocent as Iago’s words seem Othello lets Iago’s manipulative words counteract with his thinking and this is where you could say he has officially planted the seed making sure he has  Othello’s ear. As Othello asks for proof Iago is once again able to manipulate Othello by making him hide and hear a conversation Iago has with Cassio. â€Å"Now will I question Cassio of Bianca, A housewife that by selling her desires, Buys herself bread and clothes. It is a creature, that dotes on Cassio, as ’tis the strumpet’s plague, To beguile many and be beguiled by one. He, when he hears of her, cannot refrain, From the excess of laughter. Here he comes.† Iago says this once Othello withdraws and once Cassio corners him starts discussing Bianca but allows Othello to believe they are discussing Desdemona. He whispers so Othello would not hear him and by doing that he agitates Othello and that causes him to be delusional. As mentioned before Cassio is also manipulated by Iago. The first way in which Cassio is deceived is when he get pressured into drinking and then starting a fight which consequently ruins Cassio’s reputation.† If I can fasten but one cup upon him, with that which he hath drunk tonight already, He’ll be as full of quarrel and offense, as my young mistress’ dog. Now my sick fool Roderigo, Whom love hath turned almost the wrong side out, To Desdemona hath tonight caroused, Potations pottle-deep, and he’s to watch. Three lads of Cyprus, noble swelling spirits, That hold their honors in a wary distance, The very elements of this warlike isle, Have I tonight flustered with flowing cups, And they watch too. Now ’mongst this flock of drunkards, Am I to put our Cassio in some action, That may offend the isle.† This is Iago’s soliloquy where he actually reveals his manipulative side. At first, Iago told Cassio he should drink on behalf of Othello although he knew that he did not want to and was not capable of it. Iago has manipulated Cassio to do something unethical. Othello and Cassio both get exploited by Iago because they both find honest, good friend and have a hard time judging character. Iago acts like he truly cares about Othello by giving him warning signs about Cassio. Iago also fools Cassio into thinking he cares whether he has a good time or not. Another way Iago manipulates Cassio is when he plants the handkerchief in Cassio’s chambers. â€Å"I know not neither, I found it in my chamber. I like the work well. Ere it be demanded, As like enough it will, I would have it copied. Take it and do ’t, and leave me for this time.†. Cassio says this when he gives it to Bianca. Cassio has no idea as to how the handkerchief got into his room. Iago left it there to set him up and make it seem as if he is having an affair with Desdemona. Iago exploits Cassio’s limited  knowledge since Cassio did not know that the handkerchief belong to Desdemona. In both scenarios Iago manipulates Othello and Iago by sugar coating the truth from them. Iago does feel better after manipulating the characters in the story this is shown throughout the story as Iago manipulates and controls every other character so well that they seem like puppets that he controls. At the end of the play, Iago’s manipulation has left a trail of destruction that has killed Othello and Cassio, as well others and has destroyed the lives of many who remain. The motivations and ideas Iago has are very deceptive and cunning, and his ability to influence is very amazing. Iago’s actions define of a man who will stop at nothing until he exacts revenge on everyone who he feels has threaten him in one way or another. Shakespeare has presented Iago as a kind and noble soldier he has also been known as honest Iago, this showing that everyone is not as what they seem on the outside. Already knowing that Iago has a hatred for his superior Othello and now Cassio â€Å"Thou told’st me thou didst hold him in thy hate,† Said Roderigo. â€Å"D espise me if I do not,† Iago replies. This during the opening scenes in the play. Iago fools Othello by providing â€Å"ocular† proof but didn’t allow him to listen or understand properly. As for Cassio, he used his friendship to plant the handkerchief. Both Othello and Cassio are naà ¯ve have a hard time judging character, are too proud to believe that someone is fooling them and their limited knowledge as to what was going on around them allows Iago to Successfully in the end manipulate the mind of Othello and sent him insane and left Cassio in a situation that he didn’t belong in. Othello and Cassio were both victims of Iago’s manipulation due to the fact that they had something Iago did not. Bibliography William, S. (01.22.14). Othello. Great Britain. Oxford University. Jonathan, L. (28.01.2010). How does Iago manipulate different characters in order to achieve his aims? Othello. Retrieved (02.27.2014), from http://www.markedbyteachers.com/as-and-a-level/english/how-does-iago-manipula te-different-characters-in-order-to-achieve-his-aims.html The Theme of Deception in William Shakespeare’s Othello. Retrieved (02.27.2014), from https://sites.google.com/site/thethemeofdeception/home Joshua, A. (2013). Protestant epistemology and Othello’s consciousness. Retrieved (03.01.14), from Gale Academic One File.